Kimono (Japanese: 着 物) is a traditional dress in Japan. Word kimono in the Japanese language means “clothing” in general (where “Ki” (着) is an act of the sense of “ambiguity”, “Mono” (物) means “nothing.” And thus have a “kimono” any sense of “the thing that wears”) , but today it is widely used to refer to Japanese traditional long dress worn by men, women and children, is known for kimono looks beautiful and colorful kimonos, especially women. Kimono dress is a T-shaped with a length of the ankle with wide sleeves and Fitness. Kimono wraps around the body so that the left-wing party over the right-wing party, except in cases of death and burial shall be the right-wing party over the left-wing party and wrapped a belt called the Obi-linking from the back to tighten it. Wear kimonos usually associated with a pair of shoes to wear traditional so-called paranoid or Gita, with a pair of socks of thumb called TAPI.

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Alkelmpchir word out of kimono (着 物) in the Japanese language to the thing you wear any clothing in general, where before the deployment of Western clothing in Japan, the word kimono was used to refer to all types of clothing.

When he struck the Meiji period and began to Western clothes, growing, in Japan started to launch the term and Avuku (和服) and means “Japanese clothing” on the clothes of Japanese origin, in contrast has launched the term “Iuvuku” (洋服) means “Clothing the West” on the clothes coming from Western countries. Accordingly, the word kimono in the current era have involved the first refers to the Japanese clothing and Avuku (和服) or Guvuku (呉 服), and the second meaning is to refer to clothes in general, for example, is said in Japanese “Kimono Wu Kanassai” (着物 を 着 なさい) of the child Naked sense of “wear your clothes!” And here it is used in a general sense of the clothes. Accordingly, the verdict on the use of the word kimono varies depending on the situation, age and dialect spoken where both to refer to clothes in general or to the traditional Japanese clothing. Kimono word used in this article refers to traditional Japanese clothing.

The word Guvuku (呉 服) goes back to the name of the Kingdom of Wu of the Three Kingdoms period, a period which reached the textile industry and clothing from China to Japan, where he was formerly referred to as silk on behalf of Guvuku (呉 服) and to cotton textiles as Votomuno (太 物) was each type shops and specialty uses. In spite of the scarcity of Guvuku use of the word to refer to the kimono are currently, it is still referred to as a shop selling kimonos Govukwiya (呉 服 屋).

Date Kimono

The Jomon and the period of Yayointejp archaeological studies were found on the clothing of the period of Jomon made of materials of stone and shell, however, and the difficulty of the survival of textile fibers for a long time preserved in the soil because they contain organic material, there is no information on the use of persons in that period of clothing fabric. Although it has been found on some of the remaining pieces of what is believed to be a cloth bag with a rope made from plant fibers such as ramie or hemp, and therefore does not exclude that it may also enable the manufacture of some of the clothes from those textile fibers.

Similarly he could not find a lot of the effects of clothing from the Yayoi period, which marked the beginning of the cultivation of rice in the fields of water. However, one of the books in the history books in China, which describes the clothing of Japan’s population (which was called the Kok (倭国)) in that period as a wide pieces of cloth tied with each other.

Kofun period and the period of Asoka
There is no sufficient knowledge about the nature of the clothes that prevailed in Japan in the Kofun period. As the months remaining books of the seventh century the Kojiki and Nihon Shoki is the best known sources for the documentation of that period. The impact has been found, which is the most famous dolls Haniwa suggests that people in that period had wore clothes. Where it is noted that both males and females have two pieces of clothing, one of the top half of the body and another for the lower half. However, the written Kojiki and Nihon Shoki not illustrate any form of clothes, and other documents so you can keep a few things in the development of many is uncertain.

In 603, Shotoku Taishi develop what is known as the twelve mattresses (冠 位 十二 阶), so that is characterized by officials from the rank of each crown with a different color. In spite of the presence of mention of this system in the Nihon Shoki, but that no details about the colors used for each of the top ranking.

Founded the State of Japan at the end of the seventh century in the period known as the period of Asoka, was found on a mural from the effects of Takamatsuzukakufwn of that period in 1972, the only painting remaining to imagine today, which features people from the period of Asoka. This is a painting with quotations from the Nihon Shoki is the only remaining vestiges which indicate the early use of the ancient clothing. And recent studies suggest that people photographers in the panel Takamatsuzukakufwn mural depicting male and female fitness of their left-wing slot (so that the right-wing party dress when you click the left-wing party collar). This painting also refers to the clothes that the top half of the body do not fall under the clothes, but to be the lower half dangling outside, with a belief and a belt made of textile evidenced on the body.

Nara period
There is no documented information garment in Japan in this period. As the most celebrated books of that period which Nejongi Choco, and the Nihon Gyriaqo which is still preserved in the temple Cossuyn is one of the most important documents for the study of clothing in the fire, but he does not notice any reference to the clothing designs in those books. Text of the Constitution Iororitzorio who put in 718, which came as an amendment to the Constitution of Taihoritsorio the paragraph relating to clothing, and despite the loss of text Taihoritsorio in the current era it is possible to anticipate the content of the text of the Constitution Iororitzorio, which set the clothes worn in the imperial court of three types:

Raivuku (礼服, Clothing, greeting), worn in ceremonies and rituals important, or New Year
Chuvuku (朝服, Clothing tiles): wear once a month, or when you receive an invitation to come to the imperial court, or attend a meeting or Imperial Festival
Sivuku (制服, formal wear): is the clothing worn by employees who are not in a particular class when you attend the ceremony Empire
However, these texts do not refer to anything related to general clothes than those worn in the imperial court, as it indicates that the forms and colors of clothing vary depending on rank and the nature of work.

Heian period
Has not changed forms of clothing in the first period and until the middle of the Heian often than it was in the fire, but that should do Sogawara New Michezanh abolished ambassadors to China began to Japanese culture evolved uniquely in isolation from the influence of China, where the oldest forms of kimono was influenced by clothes Hanfu Traditional Chinese began to emerge that cultural uniqueness in the forms of clothing, especially with the development of techniques dyeing, so that the clothing is an integral part of the ceremony of the imperial court, so that is a kimono, who appeared in the Heian and known in its current form today as Johnnyhitwe is the basis of the form of kimono known today this, where he became a model Kimono explained, but they still wear it, half apron, called Mu, in addition to that still does not find the sources refer to the general forms of clothing, and information available today all point to the clothes that were used in the imperial court.

Kamakura and Muromachi period

People’s clothes were Xueqan is the origin of his appearance Hitatarh clothes, as Hitatarh were the uniforms of the combatants in the Kamakura period, and developed Hitatarh Clothing Apparel combatants to be the first in the Muromachi period. The women’s clothes has become simpler than it used to be in the form of Johnnyhitwe, where the mantle of the Alamo became shorter gradually until it became Hakama and then no longer used at the end of it so that women’s dress became a component of one piece. Then he began to wear a kimono Alcosodh a single class, which was considered to be underwear in the past without wearing pants Alhakama it was therefore necessary to install it using the Aloobi
Edo   period
Took the clothes with the entry of Edo period about simple grammar, where kimono mainly Katagaino (肩 衣, cover the shoulders) with Hakama, which form what is known as Camihimu. Alcosodh also spread more broadly among the general public. Developed in this period arts such as kabuki and Ookyu – uh, and in which the artists to develop new models of clothing increased sense of people are possible and brilliant colors. Although Cogonyp Tokugawa worked to spread the spirit of simplicity affected by the ideas of Confucianism, but a passion for people, luxury does not stop simply arrived effect to Alsado, where with the kimonos used in Alsado should be simple without bright colors, but many preferred to enter the threads of gold in which to increase President. As the Edo period and the entry of Japan in isolation from the outside world, preventing the import of silk from outside the country, so that the silk used in Japan for the most part of the domestic industry, this led to the spread of the dress silk (Chirimin) prices are relatively cheap among the general public, except that in the period between 1783 and 1788 famine got one of the largest famines in the history of modern Japan’s Tokugawa government payment in 1785 to prevent the public from wearing silk manufactures, and turned ordinary people to wear clothes made of cotton or hemp. Also started along the sleeve increase, especially among unmarried women in the form of Foresodh, and spread the use of Aloobi broadly linked to several forms of different styles

Meiji and Taisho period
With solutions to the Meiji helped encourage the government to industry in the establishment of many textile factories of modern and increase the amount of silk production significantly, as it developed, the movement of export of silk to the outside after opening the doors of Japan to foreign trade, and became the value of exports of silk form a large part of total exports of Japan to abroad, so that the world looks to Japan as the land of silk industry. Along with the increased diversity of women’s kimonos Chirimin In addition, there have been new types of tissue such as Renzo, Oomici. With the development of dyeing techniques, such as technical objection dyeing became possible to obtain models and drawings of new and complex. And continued to spread dye Alkmon model as it was before in the Edo period, in addition to the spread of the pattern of dye Kasuri also.

With the increase in friction with layer Alcazhukho people or foreigners coming to Japan, also started to model the spread of Western clothes. The most prominent government officials dressed in Western clothes in order to show the image of Japan to the West as a country seeking to scientific progress and cultural development. Because of the high prices of the clothes for the Western People for the layer, and the door to maintain the beauty of many traditions have continued to wear the kimono, which was very popular in the Edo period. However, with the open door import Clothing Bank to the country and the emergence of many makers of clothing style west there was a need to distinguish between the traditional clothing of Japan and Western clothing, while the word “kimono” referred to anything worn in the past and who was, of course, is the traditional clothing, bringing referred to as Western clothes, as the “Iuvuku” (洋服) compared with the traditional Japanese clothing, which became known as “The Avuku” (和服). In the emergence of Western clothes, there are many shops that rent clothes for a while, where for males the Western clothes worn off or on state occasions, but everyday life was spent mostly dressed in traditional clothes.

In 1871 imposed on the military and police, teachers and government employees and officials of the railway switch to wear Western clothes, a decision of the Emperor Meiji. Also imposed on the male school students to dress like a military uniform of the army, while the female was the common dress is one of the Alhakama, a habit that has remained constant today as many of the students wear Alhakama in concerts beginning of the study or graduation. On the other hand opposition movements emerged calls for change to women’s apparel Western clothing in 1922.

In the Great Kanto Earthquake 1923 the number of females infected with physical harm, significant among those who wore kimonos because of the lack of freedom of movement, and as a result of this was founded the following year, “Assembly of the women and children in Tokyo,” which worked to encourage a shift of clothes Bank. In addition, because of widespread poverty after the Great Kanto Earthquake, the wearing of kimono is vulnerable to theft and attack from thieves. In 1940 the system has been applied Kocomin Foucault, a Western dress uniform for all males in Japan.

Roasted period

Until the end of World War II in 1945 in the early period of the Roasted between 1881 and 1945, received the female students in Japanese schools in the elementary school lessons on how to sew clothes in general and the kimono in particular, and it was not to raise a generation of specialists sewing, but for female empowerment from working in factories sewing later, as well as to enable the manufacture of clothes for her children and her family in the future. At that time, knitting done manually without the use of sewing machines.

On November 2, 1940 the Government has a decree setting national clothes, which the male had to wear what is known as Kocomin Foucault national or clothing. The national dress of two types and consisted of a piece upper and middle piece and pants Hakama, in addition to the hat, coat, gloves, and boots have a standard format and delimited by the decree. Although there is no penalty for not wearing national clothes but it spread greatly as the built in huge numbers in garment factories for distribution to citizens and continued to spread until the end of World War II in 1945. The Ministry of Labour has also identified formal wear for females of a given design provides the amount of cloth used in manufacture, which is what is known as a dress Monnbh diffuse significantly in the cold regions of northern Japan among farmers in order to protect them from the cold. Nevertheless, women’s clothing did not spread widely, as was the case in males.

After the end of World War II in 1945
After the end of World War II and the end of the aerial bombardment, enabling people to return to wear civilian clothes, including kimonos, which they can not wear it during the war. Although there are some ladies who wore Monnbh After the war, but many give up wearing them because they remind them of the memory of the days of war and poverty. But because of the high prices of traditional kimonos and clothing starting with the rapid spread of Western clothes cheap and practical down to spread rapidly kimonos. However, in the period between 1965 and 1975 noted a lot of the ladies who wore a kimono and frequently in order to spread wear a kimono as a kind of fashion in that period. However, after that period returned to Western clothes, rapid deployment of new and descended with the garment industry and the traditional kimono and was a recession on the shops, manufacturing and selling kimonos. Hence, he made kimonos to establish standards necessary for the specification kimonos and raise quality in order to encourage sales, but that, contrary to expectations has receded a great wave of black people wearing kimonos for the transformation of perception as a dress wealthy or elite, which led to a major setback for the manufacture of and trade in kimonos and the bankruptcy of many companies operating in traditional costumes.

In the sixties of the twentieth century spread wear kimonos in the West by orientalists and intellectuals, as it has a kind of clothing in the form of model Kimono, the most famous example of this is donned guitarist Jimi Hendrix.

Modern times
Despite the proliferation of Western clothes in Japan are widely in its many forms and models at the present time, only to wear kimono on formal occasions and weddings are still a significant social, as well as wear Alioukata, especially by young people for easy wear and a sense of comfort given by the periods in the summer.

Features Alkimunobesbb that kimono wrap belt Aloobi (帯) when the trunk of the body, this gives the force constant of the body fully and maintain a straight path.
View how Alkjono much larger than the measurement of human arm.
Different kimonos for Western clothes in a way to install it in the body as it does not use any buttons, but have verified using the ligaments, especially Aloobi belt.
No kimono fabric grows or shrinks when pulled.
Does not use the skin in Aloobi belt, but is a fabric.
Kimono usually made of cloth one, and when cutting the most cutting straight lines, unlike the Western clothes, where a lot of curves at the cut cloth.
Unlike Western clothes, which put a large portion of the cloth without the use of the original, the kimono is often used most of the area of the cloth.
When you take into account when manufacturing kimono sewing facilitate the disarmament process leads easily, where the yarns are severed easily used to protect the fabric from tearing apart when exposed to flatten.
Using the clues are easily cut it would be possible to maintain a kimono for a long time, but in this case weakens the impact on the protection of the body.
Hide the body features kimonos for men and women, where when you wear it only shows the line of the shoulders and display the pelvis

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